Heading north on I-35, Trooper Hanger spotted a 1977 Mercury Grand Marquis without a license plate. Its driver was Timothy J. McVeigh who, about 90 minutes earlier, had detonated a truck full of explosives in front of the federal building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people in what was then the worst act of terrorism on American soil. .
The McVeigh affair holds legendary status among police officers, for whom it is an inescapable response to concerns that many roadside checks are pretexts to increase income or seek, without cause, evidence of other crimes. But researchers and some former police chiefs say that for every occasional stroke of luck, hundreds of innocent motorists are subjected to unnecessary scrutiny, expense, and potential danger.
“Because everyone on the road is breaking the traffic rules, it allows the police, who are also in charge of criminal law enforcement, to investigate a crime without meeting any of the standards required for an investigation. criminal, âsaid Sarah A. Seo, professor of law at Columbia University and the author of a story traffic law enforcement.
As early as the 1910s, said Dr Seo, government departments discovered that taking over traffic policing meant they could hire officers and expand their investigative powers. In 1920, traffic fines helped the Los Angeles Police’s traffic division become “virtually self-sufficient,” according to an annual report at the time.
âWe believe that modern police services and their power arose out of the need to fight crime,â said Dr Seo. âIt actually started with traffic control. “
While tickets and the threat of punishment deter some potential violators, the need for municipalities to maintain this revenue model appears to be an incentive for many roadside checks today. An analysis of North Carolina court data by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis found that “Many more tickets” were issued when localities experienced financial hardship, suggesting they were “being used as a tool for generating income rather than just a means of increasing public safety.”
Thirty-one states and Washington, DC, required annual vehicle inspections before 1976, but many abandoned them over time, saying they didn’t bring any safety benefits. Indeed, the Government Accountability Office find that the failure of a vehicle component was only featured in a small percentage of accidents, and there was no evidence that such things as broken tail lights were significant factors.